Everything you should know about the fracture types and treatment options
What are the different types of fractures?
Fracture is the term used for broken bones. In this state, the fracture can be either complete or partial and it can occur due to sudden impact, accident, playing sports, or doing a certain impactful activity. Understand that you have to take proper care of yourself and without any delay consult the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana. Consulting the best ortho doctor at Hunjan Hospital will help you get the right treatment to make your condition better. At our ortho hospital, you can get all sort of treatment options be it a fracture or you want to get the Knee Replacement in Ludhiana.
What are the types of fractures?
There are different types of fractures like:
- Simple fracture
A simple fracture is the one when bone with fracture has all its pieces aligned and in a stable state.
- Unstable fracture
As the name suggests the bone pieces are not stable which means displaced and misaligned from their position.
- Greenstick fracture
One of the unique types which often occurs in children. In this fracture type, the bone gets bent but it won’t break.
- Open or compound fracture
One of the severe types is when the bone gets cut down from the skin. With this fracture type, the chances of infection are higher and medical attention is needed.
How does a fracture heal?
The body will react to the fracture by protecting the area in the form of a blood clot or fibrous tissue. Moreover, on the fracture line, the bone cells are there. The fracture is closed as the cells come close to each other.
Treatment for fracture
Initially, the major aim for fracture is to control bleeding and then prevent the condition of bone death. Once the chances of infection are reduced, then the fracture needs to be maintained. This is important so that the body comes to its original state where it was before the fracture.
Talking about the surgical option for fracture varies a lot and these are:
- Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)
In this approach, the fracture site goes to the exposed state, and the fracture is reduced. There is the use of different devices like plates, screws, Kirschner wires, and intramedullary nails.
- External fixation
In this approach, the fracture is being put in the stabilized format so that there is a proper distance from the fracture site. The bone length and alignment are proper even when casting is not used.
What are the conditions when external fixation is needed?
Here are the conditions which tell that external fixation is required:
- Open fractures with soft-tissue involvement
- Fractures having bony deficits
- Limb-lengthening procedures
- Burns and soft tissue injuries
- Pelvic fractures
- Comminuted and unstable fractures
- Fractures with infection or non-union
Role of rehabilitation
Rehabilitation plays an important part for those dealing with fractures. Understand that fracture takes time to heal and this is why you must limit the activities when you have a cast one. By doing so, the stress can be reduced to a great extent. During rehabilitation, you are suggested to do various exercises. Your pace to get yourself involved in different activities is slowly increased.
Schedule your initial consultation
If you want to get the best treatment plan for your fracture, then schedule your initial consultation with our ortho doctor at the earliest.
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March 13, 2023