fracture repair

Everything you should know about the fracture types and treatment options

What are the different types of fractures?

Fracture is the term used for broken bones. In this state, the fracture can be either complete or partial and it can occur due to sudden impact, accident, playing sports, or doing a certain impactful activity. Understand that you have to take proper care of yourself and without any delay consult the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana. Consulting the best ortho doctor at Hunjan Hospital will help you get the right treatment to make your condition better. At our ortho hospital, you can get all sort of treatment options be it a fracture or you want to get the Knee Replacement in Ludhiana.

What are the types of fractures?

There are different types of fractures like:

  • Simple fracture

A simple fracture is the one when bone with fracture has all its pieces aligned and in a stable state.

  • Unstable fracture

As the name suggests the bone pieces are not stable which means displaced and misaligned from their position.

  • Greenstick fracture

One of the unique types which often occurs in children. In this fracture type, the bone gets bent but it won’t break.

  • Open or compound fracture

One of the severe types is when the bone gets cut down from the skin. With this fracture type, the chances of infection are higher and medical attention is needed.

How does a fracture heal?

The body will react to the fracture by protecting the area in the form of a blood clot or fibrous tissue. Moreover, on the fracture line, the bone cells are there. The fracture is closed as the cells come close to each other.

Treatment for fracture

Medical therapy

Initially, the major aim for fracture is to control bleeding and then prevent the condition of bone death. Once the chances of infection are reduced, then the fracture needs to be maintained. This is important so that the body comes to its original state where it was before the fracture.

Surgical therapy

Talking about the surgical option for fracture varies a lot and these are:

  • Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)

In this approach, the fracture site goes to the exposed state, and the fracture is reduced. There is the use of different devices like plates, screws, Kirschner wires, and intramedullary nails.

  • External fixation

In this approach, the fracture is being put in the stabilized format so that there is a proper distance from the fracture site. The bone length and alignment are proper even when casting is not used.

What are the conditions when external fixation is needed?

Here are the conditions which tell that external fixation is required:

  • Open fractures with soft-tissue involvement
  • Fractures having bony deficits
  • Limb-lengthening procedures
  • Burns and soft tissue injuries
  • Pelvic fractures
  • Comminuted and unstable fractures
  • Fractures with infection or non-union

Role of rehabilitation

Rehabilitation plays an important part for those dealing with fractures. Understand that fracture takes time to heal and this is why you must limit the activities when you have a cast one. By doing so, the stress can be reduced to a great extent. During rehabilitation, you are suggested to do various exercises. Your pace to get yourself involved in different activities is slowly increased.

Schedule your initial consultation

If you want to get the best treatment plan for your fracture, then schedule your initial consultation with our ortho doctor at the earliest.

fracture repair

Which Do’s and Don’ts to follow after having a cast on your fractured bone?

No sooner than the summer vacations begin, the visits of the parents to the orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana increases considerably. Since the risk of suffering from bumps and bruises is at a high level.

But who can forget the ‘Fractured Bones’? Children keep on inventing new kinds of plays. Some are ‘Risk-Free’ while others are extremely ‘Risky’.

Which Orthopaedic Hospital To Visit?

Hunjan Hospital is the best orthopaedic hospital known for carrying out cost-effective knee replacement in Ludhiana.

Each kind of orthopaedic disorder can be treated at minimal prices at this hospital.

What To Do Immediately In Case My Child Is Suffering From A Fracture?

First of all, none of the people surrounding the child should panic. The first thing you need to do is to immediately visit an orthopaedic doctor who will immobilize the broken part with the cast. The type of cast to be used will be based on the kind and the intensity of the injury your child is suffering from.

Fibreglass Casts

Plaster Casts

  • These are light in weight but are robust.
  • In case, there is a need to have the X-Ray images during the healing process, then it is none other than the fibreglass material that creates the desired images.
  • If you are requiring a cast that is heavier but less expensive, then choose the plaster casts.
  • The predominant benefit because of which the plaster casts are used is their ability to be moulded into the shape that provides better support to cope up with the injury.

Here are some Do’s and Don’ts that you need to follow when you have gotten cast support for your broken bones:


  • Elevation Of The Broken Bones

The cast restricts your movement. As the cast makes your arm be tightened. This constriction can make your injury swell which may lead you to suffer from excruciating pain. To avoid this, you can use a pillow to elevate your cast while sitting or sleeping.

  • Take it easy, Bro!

For the very first days after the fracture, make sure you are resting a lot and are not putting pressure on your fractured bones.

  • Exercise….Only After Consultation

In case either your arm or leg is in the cast and you are willing to move the muscles which are near the injury to make sure the circulation of the blood is not getting obstructed, continue with the exercises only after consulting with the doctor.

  • Be Attentive With Your Cast

If you notice that your cast has started to smell bad, then this requires you to make an appointment with the doctor.


  • Do Not Ignore The High Temperature

If the temperature of your body is rising more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit, then you must visit the doctor and do not ignore it.

  • Do Not Let It Be Wet

If it is the plaster cast that has gotten wet, then you should visit your healthcare provider urgently. It will soon disintegrate.

fracture repair orthopaedic

Orthopedic problem: Everything to do with first aid for accidental fracture

Emergency tips for accidental fracture

Orthopedic problems are a very common scenario noticed among patients. All over the world, patients are dealing with ortho-related problems which occur due to different reasons like accidents, falls, or wear & tear with age. At times, there is a situation that a patient needs to get the Knee Replacement in Ludhiana because the impact put on the knee is extremely severe. In this situation, consulting the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana is the right way of managing everything and getting the right solution for the ortho problem. One such problem is an accidental fracture that requires First aid (First Investigation Relief Symptom Treatment Arrangement Immediately Disposal).

Do you know?

There are 7 key steps involved in first aid which are:

  • Take better account of the scenario
  • Be careful when you approach the patient
  • Do emergency rescue and get the first aid
  • Patient protection is important
  • Look out for other injuries on the body
  • Prepare the plan on what is needed
  • Do as per the plan (Here you can move the patient)

First aid after accidental fracture

First aid is the way to react better to the emergency. No doubt, fractures are unexpected and they can happen anywhere & anytime. But, that does not mean that till the time you get the medical assistance you need to suffer in that situation only. Before taking them to the emergency room, some first aid measures have to be taken from your end like the ones which are mentioned below.

  • Protect

You need to protect the fractured part so that there is not any sort of additional injury. The fracture area is the upper extremity then give it support through these things (select the thing as which is available): Newspaper, stick, pillow, and you can use a sling made of cloth. Just make sure the dressing is not so tight or it should not lead to any pain. If the person is wearing any accessories, then make sure to remove them right away.

  • Check Blood Circulation

Once you have protected the injured part of the person, you should check the pulse. In case, the pulse is not easy to find then the chances of blood vessel injury are increased. In such a state, the person needs to be taken to the ER so that they get medical assistance on time before any further damage occurs.

  • Apply cold pack

You need to apply the cold pack on the injured area so that the pain & swelling are reduced. Applying the ice will limit the blood vessels as they are constricted. Especially, if there is an open wound then it is useful. You can put the ice cubes in the plastic bag and then apply them to the problematic area.

  • Elevate

The fractured area needs to be elevated to the desired level so that there is no swelling & blood vessels get compressed along with nerves. The blood loss amount will reduce when it is kept at the desired level. Till the patient reaches the hospital it is an important step to carry out.

fracture repair

Everything you need to know about the bone fracture repair treatment

Treatment for Fracture = Broken Bone

When you visit Hunjan Hospital, one of the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana the doctor will give you the best treatment plan for the bone repair fracture by checking on your condition, and various factors are considered like:

  • Severity
  • Type
  • Location

One thing which is important to consider is that you need to get enough information from the doctor. Be it Knee Replacement in Ludhiana or you are looking to get the treatment for bone fracture repair, the initial consultation is the key to have a better understanding of where your treatment plan is headed towards.

What are the top ways to heal a broken bone?

Once the type and location are determined, you will be told the type of bone repair fracture treatment you need. Some of the possible options are:

  • Traditional cast

Once the bone is repositioned, the movement is prevented by putting a fiberglass cast or plaster. This procedure allows the healing to be done correctly. Ideally, this type of option is best for the arm, leg, foot, and wrist bones.

  • Functional brace or cast

The difference between the functional and traditional cast is due to the limited & controlled movement of nearby joints. For some time, the cast is put on then removed later on.

  • Open reduction

For cases with severe fractures, a surgical approach is used. With the use of the hand, the open reduction procedure is used. Ideally, the open reduction is of 2 types:

  • Open reduction with external fixation (the external device is placed on the injured part)
  • Open reduction with internal fixation (special screws or metal plates are placed on the outer area)

What is the stage of bone healing divided into?

Here are 3 major stages of bone healing you can expect:

Stage 1: Inflammatory phase

Also known as fracture hematoma formation occurs right after the injury. It is the process when blood starts to clot and the blood flow is affected in the bone. Ideally, this phase lasts for around 1 week.

Stage 2: Repairing phase

Also known as the reparative phase, where cartilage develops and tissue in & around the fractured area. The tissue is growing till the bone ends meet with each other. The growth is the major reason fracture is stabilized. This phase lasts for around 2 to 3 weeks.

Stage 3: Bone remodeling phase

The final stage, where the solid bone is replaced with spongy bone. During this time, you should expect some swelling which will go away on its own.

How much time does it take for a bone fracture to heal?

Well! That depends on the severity of the fracture and after the injury your safekeeping approach to follow the doctor’s recommendations. On average, it takes around 6 to 8 weeks for the bone to heal. But, the exact time is only determined after considering the injured site. You need to consult our ortho doctor to better understand how your condition can be managed.

Additional tips

Home remedies to help the bone fracture heal faster

  • Take the necessary supplements suggested by the doctor
  • Include antioxidants in your diet
  • Take mineral supplements
  • Take vitamin supplements
  • Make sure to exercise
  • Do not smoke
fracture repair

What are the top reasons to visit the trauma and fracture care doctor?

Traumatic injury is one of those states which needs immediate attention. Timely intervention is needed, otherwise, it can lead to complications. In such a case, you need to visit the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana and undergo a speedy recovery process. Sometimes, a person undergoes Spine Surgery in Ludhiana due to a traumatic injury and if proper care is taken then it will improve the functional ability.

At Hunjan Hospital, we have a team of highly skilled and board-certified spine surgeons who perform the surgery with utmost precision and with the use of the latest methods.

Why choose Hunjan Hospital?

No matter what the situation, our team is known for giving the ultimate care to the patients. In the department of orthopedic trauma centre we have dealt with several complex fracture cases. Even during the hospital stay all your needs are taken care of properly.

What are the reasons to visit a trauma and fracture care doctor?

Sometimes, individuals are not able to point out the situation where they need to consult a doctor. Although, some specific issues tell you that you need to consult the trauma & fracture care doctor. In addition, you will be able to tell the doctor properly what you are experiencing & they can suggest an accurate treatment plan for your situation. Some of the major reasons which tell you need to consult the doctor after a traumatic injury are:

  • Excess pain when you stand & walk
  • Severe pain while you move the affected joint
  • Pain is getting worse with time
  • The affected area is red and swollen
  • The affected area is not in its right shape
  • Tenderness and bruising around the area which is affected

What services will you get when you visit the traumatic care centre?

At the best ortho hospital, you will get all the latest treatment options to address your condition effectively. Some of the services which you will be getting are

  • Preoperative evaluation
  • Patient education & counseling
  • Diagnostic testing
  • Wound care
  • Application & removal of casts and splints
  • Fracture care
  • Orthopedics

Going through every step is important so that an individualized treatment plan is curated for your condition. You should also make sure to inform the doctor about all the symptoms you’re noticing.

What are the different types of injuries and fractures treated at Hunjan Hospital?

Patients who are dealing with acute & chronic conditions can feel better by undergoing the best care at trauma and care centre. The trauma specialist can give you treatment for:

  • Pelvic & acetabular fractures
  • Chronic periarticular injuries
  • Injuries caused by falls
  • Complex femoral fractures
  • Fractures of lower or upper extremities
  • Injuries that required bone reconstruction
  • Injuries needing internal or external fixation

Schedule your consultation with our trauma and fracture specialist

It is important to take prompt action when it comes to your health. You should make sure that you consult the doctor as early as possible. If you have or someone in your known has suffered from a traumatic injury then you need to schedule the initial consultation at the earliest.

fracture repair

Why should you get a bone fracture repair? What are the ways to heal it?

By the term, fracture means a broken bone. When you visit the Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana the doctor is going to use a different method to repair the fractured bone and sometimes there is only a requirement for the brace. Sometimes, the patient needs to get Spine Surgery in Ludhiana and sometimes the brace can easily address the problem. The healing process is going to depend on the different factors like:

  • Nature of the fracture
  • The extent of the injury
  • Fracture fixation stability
  • Biological processes

Why is it important to get a bone fracture repair?

When you consult the ortho doctor, it will ensure that the healing is proper. In case, you avoid getting the treatment there, the bone will heal is not the normal position. So, make sure that you treat and restore the bone anatomy. No matter what it is important that you consult the doctor without any delay and get the bone fracture repair on time.

What If I don’t get the treatment for bone fracture?

  • The formation of a blood clot in surrounding blood vessels
  • Infection from the injury
  • Damage to the skin, tissues, or muscles around the fracture
  • Swelling of a nearby joint due to joint space bleeding

What are the topmost ways to heal a broken bone?

First of all, the doctor is going to see the nature of the fracture and then accordingly suggest you the best way:

  • Traditional cast

Once the bone is repositioned, the doctor is going to put plaster or fiberglass plaster so that it does not move. This way it will stay in the same position until it is not healed. This is used for the foot, arm, leg, and wrist bones.

  • Functional cast or brace

With a functional cast or brace, the fractured bone is going to have less mobility or you can say that it will have limited movement.

  • Open reduction

In case of a severe bone fracture, the doctor is going to suggest that you undergo surgery so that your mobility is limited. With the open reduction, bone repositioning is done with the help of a hand. This is also suggested to the patient if they have a fracture that is unsuitable or complex.

What are the stages of bone healing?

The given below are the 3 stages of bone healing which includes:

  • Inflammatory stage

It is also known by the name of fracture hematoma formation when healing is right after the surgery. One of the studies has pointed out that the blood will start to flow in the fractured area after 48 hours of getting the surgery. One week you will notice the inflammatory stage.

  • Repairing phase

The repairing phase is going to begin in the initial days of the surgery and it will last for around 2 to 3 weeks. The tissue will begin to grow and the fracture is going to get stabilized.

  • Bone remodeling

This is the final phase when the fracture will heal or you can say the healing will be complete. The surface might be swollen for some time but it will heal eventually.