Categories
frozen shoulder Shoulder Replacement

Reasons To Undergo Shoulder Replacement Surgery And Its Risk Factors

Shoulder Replacement Surgery: Removing damaged areas of bone and replacing them with metal and plastic parts (implants). It is also known as shoulder arthroplasty.

So, if you are noticing any damage in your shoulder, you should diagnose with an Ortho surgeon in Ludhiana for the proper treatment.

The shoulder is basically a ball-and-socket joint. The ball is the round head that fits into the shallow socket in the shoulder of the upper arm bone. And any kind of damage to the joint can lead to extreme pain, stiffness, and severe weakness.

In such a situation, you can undergo Shoulder Replacement Surgery in Ludhiana and get rid of the problem. They range in different shapes and sizes.

Why Does One Have To Undergo Shoulder Replacement Surgery?

In order to relieve the pain and some other symptoms caused due to the damage to the shoulder joint, the patient undergoes shoulder replacement surgery in an Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana.

Some of the conditions that can damage the joint include: 

  • Osteoarthritis

It is known as wear and tears arthritis. This problem typically damages the cartilage that hides the bone’s end and also assists the joints in functioning smoothly. 

  • Rotator cuff injuries

It is basically a group of tendons and muscles that is adjoined with the shoulder joint. Rotator cuff injuries can sometimes lead to severe damage to the cartilage and also the bone in the shoulder joint. 

  • Fractures

If you have a fracture in the upper end of the humerus, you might have to undergo shoulder replacement surgery. There are two reasons for such a situation:

  1. Result of injury
  2. If the previous surgery for a fracture has failed. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory disorders

They happen because of an immune system that is overactive. Whereas the inflammation that we associate with rheumatoid arthritis can, in fact, ruin the cartilage. And in some cases, it can even damage the bone in the joint.

 Osteonecrosis

It is a shoulder condition that negatively impacts the blood flow to the humerus. It can also collapse in case the bone is starved of blood.

 What Are Its Risk Factors?

It is very rare to notice that shoulder replacement surgery does not lessen the discomfort or pain or eliminate it completely. However, there are certain cases wherein the doctor might not be able to recover the movement or the strength of the joint fully. These are some situations wherein we might advise you to undergo another surgery. 

  • Dislocation: It is possible for the joint’s ball to come out of the socket.
  • Fracture: In case of fracture, there can be breakage in the humerus bone, glenoid bone, or the scapula before or after the surgery.
  • Implant loosening: Shoulder replacement surgery elements technically have long durability. Although there might be circumstances wherein they might become worn or loosen over the course of time. In such a concern, we highly recommend undergoing another surgery to change the loose elements. 

Healthcare That Is Convenient And Affordable

Hunjan Hospital does its part to make healthcare safer. Your health is our top priority! And we never compromise on that!

Contact us for more details.

Categories
Spine Surgery

Are You Considering Spine Surgery? 5-Minutes Read To Learn More

After receiving the news that you might have to undergo spinal surgery, there are tons of emotions that one person goes through, from the hope that finally, they would not have to feel the constant pain and discomfort to the fear about what would happen before, during or after the surgery. In short, they would be very confused about what to do next.

However, before you make the decision to undergo the Spine Surgery in Punjab, it is necessary that you take steps to empower yourself by learning everything that you should know about the related condition and your treatment option, and your Ortho surgeon in Ludhiana.

Know The Cause Of The Pain

Identifying the reason for your pain is not somewhat equivalent to finding out what actually is anatomically wrong with your back.

Let us take an example to simplify it.

You might be suffering from a herniated disc that the doctor can notice in an MRI scan. But in case that is not the exact cause of your pain, then you might not find relief from the pain after your surgery for a herniated disc.

Hence, it is vital for you and your doctor to articulate the precise pain generator before they begin the surgery. For that, you must select a reputable surgeon and hospital in order to diagnose the real problem and treat them accordingly.

According to many practitioners in the Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana, the number one reason for the failed back surgery syndrome, which is basically a continuation of pain after the surgery, is an improper diagnosis prior to surgery.

Go Get Yourself The Best Spine Surgeon

The best way to select the best spine surgeon is to get a referral from your current physician. They would refer you to one or more good spine surgeons who might help you cure your spinal issues. And a physician is the right place to look for such specialists as they have better contact compared to others. But it does not mean you will blindly believe what they refer to. You can, for the sake of better options, ask around about the clinic or call them for a better assessment.

You can ask the referred spine surgeon about their qualifications and experiences to evaluate their skills based on how many successful surgeries they have conducted over time.

You Need To Be Well-Prepared For Your Medical Consultation

It is natural not to articulate your pain and suffering to the doctor while you live those moments. Many times the patient is unable to complete their symptoms in a concise and accurate manner. To top it off, it can be overwhelming to meet your spine surgeon, especially for the first time. This is why you must research beforehand to get a better perception of your issues. And also, be ready to describe your medical history.

Final Comments

Hunjan Hospital works on providing the best to its patients. We believe in quality service in a friendly environment.

Categories
Back Pain orthopaedic

Why do people use orthopedic mattresses when dealing with back pain?

Nowadays, back pain is becoming a serious concern in people of all ages. It may severely influence millions of masses daily in the world. The famous Orthopedic Hospital in Punjab says that this may happen when you lift heavy weight, an injury in your spinal cord, awkward movements of your back muscles and bones, etcetera.

Although, individuals try to resolve this issue by taking different types of oral medication treatments and by doing masseuses with various oils that may give relief for a few days or hours and remain the same. During this situation, you have to consult with the Best Ortho Doctor in Ludhiana who will help you to rectify your problem from its root cause and can offer a suitable cure.

Moreover, you may see due to the naughty behavior of children, they always do something exciting and naughty. During these activities, sometimes they get injured, or their muscles may stretch incorrectly. Thus, they begin suffering from bone issues and pain.

Due to injuries, sometimes their tissues may be prone to chronic pain. At this stage, rather than try to cure these situations at your home, you must meet the Child Bone Specialist In Ludhiana, who will find an actual problem and give medicine accordingly.

Define an orthopedic mattress?

The term orthopedic mattress refers to the particular type of cot or mattress specially designed to relieve back pain. It is made with various materials like innerspring, latex, memory foam, etcetera.

It will also align your bad spinal alignment and eliminate joint and back pain. Apart from back pain, it is also helpful for those who are determining the problem of osteoporosis, arthritis, aches, and other bone-related conditions that cause severe pain in your bone locks, etcetera.

Working: When you sleep on a regular mattress or cot, your body may get numerous curves and sinks that may cause severe pain in your back. Thus, we recommend orthopedic beds. Due to the formation of memory foam and latex material, these mattresses are very comfortable and obtain your body shape while laying down on them, whether on the single side or the other side.

These are robust hence confer full support to your body posture while sleeping. Additionally, the firmness of an orthopedic mattress will turn your spinal cord into a straight form so that you will not feel any pain during sleeping.

What benefits will you get from an orthopedic mattress while laying down on them?

  • Relieves from body pain: Your lower back or spinal pain will hide when you get eight hours of regular sleep on these ordinary mattresses. You will not feel that you are sleeping on any concave surface that you may think with another form of bed or cot that leads to pain due to sinks in your back.
  • Better Sleep: You may feel relaxed from your previous spinal inflammation, back pain, and joint injuries. It will help rectify your wrong posture while sleeping, which may cause back pain and joint injuries. It’s definite that when you do not feel pain, you may get good sleep that overcomes your back pain stress.
  • Long-lasting: When you start spending most of your time on an orthopedic mattress, you will automatically feel that you will gradually get rid of your chronic back and joint pain. It will confer a long-lasting treatment to say goodbye to your back pain forever.
Categories
hip replacement surgery

Post-care tips: How to take care after total hip replacement surgery?

Total Hip Replacement Surgery

Every phase following recovery requires effective care. There’s recovery, rehabilitation, anesthesia, and perioperative pain management, so ensure everything gets handled effectively. When you undergo total hip replacement surgery, your Orthopaedic surgeon In Punjab will guide you thoroughly about all the necessary steps that you need to take and how to take the best care of your general well-being. The blog will give you a thorough understanding of the same to make a recovery go as quickly as possible.

Recovery timeline after hip replacement surgery

24 hours following surgery

After 24 hours of surgery, you need to stand up and take a few steps with a walker and cane. You should get up and walk to reduce any possible chances of having complications. Proper monitoring and controlling your condition makes a difference and makes the recovery easy. Just make sure you follow all necessary advice given by your surgeon when you visit the Ortho Hospital in Ludhiana, and you will see the difference yourself in your situation.

Getting back home

Once you have gone to your home after undergoing the  Hip Replacement Surgery in Ludhiana, here are the necessary things you should keep in your mind:

  • You have suggested the necessary rehabilitation assistance you need to follow after getting back to your home.
  • Ideally, it takes six weeks to return to a normal working regime. For total hip replacement, you are told accordingly when to get back to your normal life.
  • Follow the post-operative and anesthesia management as told by the doctor.
  • When you are at home, please follow strengthening exercises as guided by the ortho surgeon. And in this entire team, do not miss out on taking your pain medications.

Driving after surgery

Once you feel safe and yourself, you can drive on your own. Usually, it takes around 3 to 5 weeks after surgery to get to your usual self. Please make sure to consult the ortho surgeon before you start driving.

Getting back to work regime

If your job does not require much physical pressure and strength, you can continue within 3 to 6 weeks. Although, if there’s bending, standing, and lifting involved, then it takes around eight weeks.

Getting back to a normal lifestyle

The patients are usually able to move after the surgery without any pain. As long as the physical therapy gets completed, you can take part in:

  • Swimming
  • Cycling
  • Slow-paced tennis
  • Golfing
  • Hiking

If there’s a specific activity you would want to return to, then please make sure to consult the doctor.

Improve your overall quality of life

Don’t let your knee pain affect your normal working regime. Make sure you consult the medical expert at the earliest opportunity to plan for your total hip replacement surgery. Advanced technology and robotic-assisted replacement surgery bring better precision and control to performing surgery.

Categories
Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy: What It Is, Why Is It Use, And Its Risk Factors?

Arthroscopy is a method that the doctor uses to diagnose and also treat the problems related to the joints. In an Arthroscopy Surgery In Punjab, the surgeon inserts a very narrow tube that is attached to a fiber-optic video camera. The doctor completes the process through the small incisions, which are almost the size of a buttonhole.

The doctor views the images of the inside of the joint on the screen of a high-definition video monitor.

In short, it allows the Orthopedic surgeon In Punjab to have a look at the inside of the joint without daring to make a large incision. Not only that, but the surgeons can also repair certain complications or types of joint damage at the time of arthroscopy. The doctor can complete the task with the help of pencil-like thin surgical equipment that they insert through the additional small incisions.

Why Do One Undergo Arthroscopy?

Some of the most common joint conditions are:

  • Knee

  • Shoulder

  • Elbow

  • Ankle

  • Hip

  • Wrist

Diagnostics Procedures

Most of the time, the doctor often turns towards arthroscopy in case they notice that the X-rays or some other imaging studies were not able to pick the exact diagnosis of the causes, which leaves the questions unanswered.

Surgical Procedure

We have also listed down some of the cognition that the doctor can treat with the help of arthroscopy equipment:

  • Loose bone fragments

  • Damaged or torn cartilage

  • Inflamed joint linings

  • Torn ligaments

  • Scarring within joints

What Are The Risks Of arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is generally a very safe and mild method that does not evoke any kind of complication in them. It is, in fact, very uncommon to see any risk related to arthroscopy. However, these are some risk factors that you should stay vary of during the arthroscopic surgery.

  • Tissues and nerve damage

There might be some situation wherein the placement and also the movement of the equipment of arthroscopy which is within the joint can somehow manage to damage the structure of the joint.

  • Infection

Another problem that you might notice has an infection because of arthroscopy. It is a common fact that any type of invasive surgery can lead to the risk of infection. And just like that, arthroscopy is no different than others. Although the chances of such an infection are very low, it is wise to be cautious.

  • Blood clots

Blood clots are another risk factor of arthroscopy. However, it is a rare cognition, as it is not common to notice any risk of blood clots in a surgery that runs for at least longer than an hour. The blood clot is usually developed in the area of the legs and lungs.

What To Expect During Arthroscopy?

  • The doctor will ask you to remove your clothes and jewelry and wear hospital shorts or gowns.

  • Afterward, the nurse will place an intravenous catheter in your forearm or hand and inject you with mild anesthesia.

Overview

Contact Hunjan Hospital right now and book your initial appointment.

For more details contact us on:

  • 8556024365
  • info@hunjanhospital.com, drbs@hunjanhospital.com, drjs@hunjanhospital.com
  • 111, Kochar Market Rd, Sampooran Colony, South Model Gram, Ludhiana, Punjab 141002

Categories
Knee replacement

5 essential things to know about robotic knee replacement surgery

Are you planning to undergo robotic knee replacement surgery?

Indeed! Being a new surgical procedure, you might have different questions on your mind. Total knee replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty is a surgical treatment to correct knee damage or any severe injury. During the Robotic Knee Replacement in Ludhiana, the doctor uses a specialized and modern approach to perform the treatment with utmost ease and comfort. Before discussing some of the few essential factors to know about the surgery, let me enlighten you about robotic knee replacement surgery.

Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery

The robotic knee replacement surgery, when performed at one of the renowned Ortho Hospital in Punjab, the surgeon takes care of every possible factor. The treatment requires the use of a robotic arm controlled and managed by the ortho doctor. The robotic knee replacement is a highly effective approach that improves the entire process and performs a special kind of analysis. Throughout the surgery, the surgeon maps out everything and ensures you have the safest, most effective, and desired outcome.

5 things to know about robotic knee replacement surgery

Factor 1: Is the robotic knee replacement right for me?

To get the benefit of robotic knee replacement, it’s not necessary that you have to be an exceptional candidate. If the Best Ortho Doctor in Punjab has suggested to you that you can undergo TKR, then you are an ideal candidate for the surgery. Instead of the other conservative procedure, the robotic knee replacement helps you better move and even helps with pain relief.

Moreover, technological advancement allows us to boost surgical outcomes effectively. All in all, the way it works makes it a practical approach.

Factor 2: How is the surgery performed?

Being a technological advancement, the use of a robotic arm operated by the surgeon performs surgery. Depending on your condition, the doctor suggests the most appropriate option for you. A robotic arm helps to plan everything through the most reliable approach. The surgeon cuts and implants the required part in the location.

Factor 3: Does robotic knee replacement improve accuracy?

YES! It does. The doctor performs the incision safely and accurately in the desired place. By doing so, the surrounding area won’t get damaged. This allows the patient to feel natural in the joints after the surgery.

Factor 4: How much time does it take to recover?

Robotic knee replacement is an advanced approach that substantially reduces recovery time. Whether you talk about surgical precision or accuracy, everything is just perfect. Many patients can feel better and walk within 7 to 10 days of undergoing surgery.

Factor 5: Does it improve the patient’s quality of life?

Yes! The patient quality of life gets improved effectively. You can feel better within a less period, and the need for rehabilitation gets extremely less.

Categories
Bariatric Surgery

5 significant signs that you are a suitable candidate for bariatric surgery

Ideal Candidate For Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery)

Have you recently checked the search for, ‘When should i get bariatric surgery?’

Such thoughts get inclined when weight becomes a significant concern for well-being. If so, then you have to look for an ideal treatment plan. Indeed! It’s challenging to live an everyday life when the weight starts creating difficulty in daily life. In all this, you need to get the Bariatric and metabolic surgery in Ludhiana to manage your condition effectively. Also, keep in mind that the surgery aims not to make you feel skinny but help you feel healthy about yourself.

Five signs of undergoing bariatric surgery for weight loss treatment

When should I undergo bariatric surgery?

Sign 1: BMI is between 35 to 40 (Or maybe higher)

One of the first signs that you need to consult one of the best Bariatric and metabolic Surgeon in Punjab is that your BMI is more than 35 or even higher than 40. The normal BMI range is b/w 18.5 and 24.9. Studies have even shown that bariatric surgery reduces your chances of getting chronic illness and other severe health issues.

Sign 2: Dealing with chronic health issues due to weight

Your increase in weight or BMI higher than 40 has impacted your health negatively. That’s not all. You deal with severe weight-related health issues like high cholesterol, severe sleep apnea, blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and much more. So, to improve the quality of your life, you need to get the Bariatric treatment in Ludhiana to make your well-being better. The little help offered by bariatric surgery makes a lot of difference to your life.

Sign 3: Diet and exercise have not helped to lose weight

You have made all the possible efforts to reduce weight through diet and exercise, but nothing seems to make a difference. And when you consult the bariatric surgeon, he suggests making a change in lifestyle and helping you get weight loss surgery. Although, if you have been trying for quite some time now, undergoing bariatric treatment is the rightful approach to making your well-being better.

Sign 4: You are ready to make a difference in your daily lifestyle

After all this hustle & bustle, you are all prepared to make necessary changes to your lifestyle. The essential part is to change the way you eat and make sure your diet is as healthy and nutritious as possible. So, this is why you should get hold of your healthcare team and plan for bariatric surgery in Ludhiana.

Sign 5: The body weight is more than 100lbs (45 kg)

Just imagine your body weight is more than 45 kg. Losing such a significant amount of weight will take time and effort. Not just that, the pressure is out on the body, and bones are unbearable. It’s an extremely negative impact on the body when you have such a high level of excess body weight.

Categories
orthopaedic orthopaedic doctor

Why should I consult the local orthopedic doctor for knee and bone health?

Need to Consult a Local Orthopedic Doctor

The orthopedic doctor is trained to diagnose and treat the musculoskeletal problems linked to:

  • Bones
  • Joints
  • Muscles
  • Tendons
  • Ligaments
  • Connective Tissues

Over time when the problem gets worse, the person’s ability to have a high-quality life goes down. Additionally, if your profession demands you to exercise often, play sports, or walk, you have increased chances of getting ortho injuries. The need to visit the Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana increases.

Your local orthopedic doctor gets the necessary training to give you non-surgical and surgical treatment to improve your knee health.

What are the non-surgical treatments for ortho problems?

During the initial visit to the ortho surgeon, your treatment plan includes giving non-surgical care. Especially when the problem is in the initial stage, the non-surgical options work the best. The most effective and successful non-surgical options for ortho problems are:

  • Pain-relief medications

At first, the ortho doctor gives pain relief medications to limit the extent of pain. Just make sure to consult the doctor.

  • Orthotics

Orthotic includes splints, braces, and custom foot inserts to help with your mobility. Getting support makes it easier to have a comfortable walking pattern and won’t lead to excess pressure.

  • Injection therapy

The possible injections are epidural, trigger point, and much more to ease the pain and block pain signals.

  • Physical therapy

The most effective one to help increase muscles strength through different options like:

  • Massage
  • Therapy
  • Electrical stimulation therapy
  • Heat & cold therapy

All in all, the therapies allow to boost the range of motion and bring ease in functioning.

Benefit ortho care through minimally invasive surgery

Your local ortho doctor can also perform minimally invasive surgery to improve your ortho health. The Ortho surgeon in Punjab is well-aware of the latest minimally invasive approach to promoting your knee and joint health.

The ortho doctor can perform the most advanced care for your knee health through robotic knee replacement. The said approach allows surgery with utmost precision and brings comfort to the patient’s health. Being an advanced approach, the procedure even allows the patient at the age of 65 to feel leading relief with knee pain.

The latest and modern treatments have cut down the need for excess downtime and discomfort. The patients can walk independently within 22 days after getting the surgery. Depending on your condition or how many problems you have, the ortho doctor will suggest the best possible approach.

Are you looking for an ortho doctor?

Hunjan Super-Speciality Hospital gives the most effective ortho care through advanced and inventive treatment options to improve your knee and joint health. The doctor will give you the most appropriate care. Tell the ortho doctor everything about your ortho health and seek the most effective care.

Categories
Knee replacement

5 Major benefits of choosing advanced robotic knee replacement

Robotic Knee Replacement – Advanced Medical Science Doing Wonders

Do you have knee pain?

No one wants to live a life where knee pain puts a halt to their daily life. Therefore, in the search for medical treatment, individuals come across the option of Robotic Knee Replacement in Punjab. However, as the treatment is new, people often get confused about whether it’s effective and how to do it?

Seek personalized ortho care for your condition

Indeed! We have surpassed the time of traditional treatment methods when undergoing a surgical approach would result in fear. However, when you visit the Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana: Hunjan Super-Speciality Hospital, the patient gets possible ortho care to transform the patient’s ortho well-being. Our ortho doctors are highly aware of the advanced ortho care and treatment approaches like robotic knee replacement. And considering the benefits of the procedure, our ortho surgeon decided to share the key benefits of choosing the latest robotic knee replacement procedure.

Benefits of Robotic Knee Replacement

Benefit 1: Minimally invasive surgery

The robotic knee offers several benefits. Being a minimally invasive approach, the factor of blood loss goes down. And therefore, the patient gets several benefits like:

  • Minimal downtime
  • Early rehabilitation
  • Early discharge

Find the experienced Knee Replacement surgeon in Punjab to seek utmost benefits of the surgery.

Benefit 2: Helps the patient to get back to daily life

After COVID, it has become mandatory for the patients to make the most effective care. And even reduce the need for a hospital stay to limit the chances of infection. The advanced robotic system allows the patient to have a limited hospital stay. Less trauma gets involved with robotic knee replacement, so there’s no need to take stress about anything.

Benefit 3: Improved post-surgery results

During your stay at the ortho hospital, the doctor informs you about everything from start to end. So, the doctor will guide you all about everything to increase the success factor after surgery.

Benefit 4: Personalized approach for every patient

When you are under the expertise of the best ortho surgeon, expect to get adequate care. The doctor will analyze your condition and guide you with effective planning. The ortho surgeon will examine the right place to implant the necessary part. So, the doctor will ensure to treat the problem, and there’s no further issue you have to face in the end.

Benefit 5: Highly Advanced & Safe Approach

Robotic knee replacement does not mean the robot performs the surgery. It’s only the surgeon who conducts the robotic knee treatment. The factor of robotic knees only allows a better and safer way to perform the surgery so that the patient can live a better life. And most importantly, the surgery gets done safely.

Categories
Joint Replacement Surgery Joints Knee Pain Knee replacement orthopaedic doctor

Is it possible to climb stairs after getting knee replacement surgery?

After undergoing a surgical procedure, several things revolve in the patient’s mind. The same approach happens in the patients planning to get a Knee Replacement in Punjab. It’s like the mind is flooded with questions as to:

  • What is life after knee replacement?
  • How to take proper care after knee replacement surgery?
  • Will it be possible to do the daily chores like normal?

Here, you need the expertise of one of the Best Ortho Doctor in Ludhiana to effectively manage the situation under all possible considerations.

Get back your life on track after knee replacement

After the knee replacement, the three-month time period is crucial to ensure the knee regains its strength. Following the ortho doctor’s suggestions, you have to get physical therapy at least 2 to 3 times per week.

After-care tips for knee replacement surgery

Tip 1: Walk, but as much as you feel comfortable with

Walking after the surgery is beneficial, but don’t put excess pressure on yourself. At the start, walk at least 2 to 3 times per day. Just make sure to use a:

  • Walker
  • Cane

For at least six weeks, you should walk with it. Once your body feels comfortable, you can stop using a cane. But, make sure to take small steps at a time for better results.

Additionally, to climb the stairs, use one foot at a time. You should follow the given approach:

  • Up with good leg
  • Down with operated leg

With time, climb stairs alternating one foot per step and hold onto the railing to add more strength.

Tip 2: Keep the body movement right

You have to be careful about the knee motion as scar tissue formation is crucial. Your knee has to get back the action in a set period; otherwise, it can stiff. So, give utmost importance to straightening and bending the knees. Follow the necessary suggestions given by the doctor.

Tip 3: Pain management is essential

For smooth and pain-free recovery, the doctor will suggest pain medications. So, make sure to take them on time. And never try to self-medicate yourself as it can lead to harmful side effects which halt the recovery period. If the pain does not seem to go down, then consult a medical expert.

Tip 4: Taking care of swelling

After knee replacement, it’s common to have pain. To reduce the same, you should:

  • Apply an ice pack around 3 to 4 times a day for the 1st month & then slowly lower the same.
  • Do not miss out on physical therapy sessions
  • Wear compression stockings as told by the doctor.

If the swelling does not seem to go down, you have to consult the ortho doctor right away.

Tip 5: Exercising after knee replacement

Exercising after knee replacement surgery is essential. Just make sure to take it slow and do at least five sets of 10 in the day. You need to include the following:

  • Ankle pumps
  • Quad sets (pressing the knee down)
  • Gluteal squeezes
  • Bending the knee by sitting in a chair/using the CPM