slipped disc

What are degenerated and herniated discs? Which hospital should you visit?

In case the back pain is caused by a problem in the spinal discs. The immediate source of the pain can either be the irritated nerve or the disc itself. The reputed doctor of the best orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana uses variegated terms to define the irritated nerve and the disc. This is the main reason that the doctors who carry out spine surgery in Ludhiana use the following terms to define the disc problems: 

  • Slipped disc 
  • Protruding Disc 
  • Pinched nerve 
  • Degenerative disc 

What do you know about the pinched nerve pain? 

  • Irritation
  • Inflammation  

If you are having either slight or giant pain in the disc, then it can get radiated in the entire nerve path of the foot or the leg. Following neurological problems will be encountered if the pinched nerve is being experienced: 

  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Tingling

Do you know? 

The pain which is caused by the compressed nerve is known as radiculopathy.


What are the causes of the pinched nerves? 

The pinched nerves can be caused by the following; 

  • Herniated discs
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Bone spurs 

Do you know? 

When a person suffers from osteoarthritis, then the bone spurs may come into the origin. 

The pinched nerve may cause the problems like the following: 

  • Tumours 
  • Infection 
  • Spondylolisthesis

What do you know about the degenerated disc pain? 

If the pain in your back is emerging out of the intervertebral disc, then it will be known as discogenic back pain. The degeneration of the spinal disc may come to origin owing to wear and tear and trauma and the pain will be caused by the following mechanisms: 


As the disc degeneration is experienced, then the inflammatory proteins may get released into the disc space. The degenerated disc may get herniated which will cause the inner inflammatory contents to leak out. Pinched nerve pain can be caused by a herniated disc.


Degeneration may lead to dehydration within the disc. It will result in the extreme loss of fluid content and shrinkage.

Motion Segment Instability 

With disc degeneration, the spinal segment may become unstable and it may resist the motion in the spine 1. When the body becomes unstable then it is not it can not be proven to be as effective as it is required to resist the motion in the spine 1. 


Whom should you visit if you are having a problem with the herniated disc? 

If you are having a problem with the herniated disc, then it is required for you to get it checked at your earliest. If you do not get it checked, then the problem may get severe and you have to face the consequences. 

First of all, you should ascertain that you are visiting reputed doctors. Such doctors can only be found in the Hunjan Hospital, which is one of the best orthopaedic hospitals in Ludhiana. It is the hospital that has emerged out to be the first hospital in Punjab that has carried out knee replacement surgery.


slipped disc
slipped disc

Comprehensive note on Slip disc.

People are suffering from different  health issues including slip disc. There are several reasons that are responsible for the issues of back problems. People with slip disc can contact the best ortho doctor in Punjab for getting the best treatment. 


What is the definition of the slip disc? 

A slipped disc does not actually cause the disc to slip. A weakening in the disc’s outer layer causes the nucleus pulposus, the inner, softer region, to protrude. Another name for a slipped disc is a disc prolapse or herniation. The nerve roots originating from the spinal cord may be compressed by the protruding disc. In addition to the compression, the prolapsed portion of the disc is surrounded by some inflammation. In addition to causing swelling which puts more pressure on the nerve, this inflammation may aggravate the nerve root. 


Different types of the slip disc. 

The location and severity of slipped disc, often referred to as a herniated disc or disc prolapse, can vary. Based on their location, the following are the primary types of slip disc. 

  • Cervical disc herniation: This kind of herniation affects the cervical spine, which is the part of the spine that is located in the neck. It may result in symptoms including tingling or numbness in the hands and arms, shoulder pain, arm pain and neck pain. 
  • Herniation of the thoracic disc: Compared to herniations of the cervical and lumbar spine, thoracic disc herniations are comparatively uncommon. This middle section of the spine, the thoracic spine is where they occur. 
  • Lumbar disc herniation: These herniations which affect the lower back of the spine, are the most prevalent kind.
  • Central disc herniation: In this kind of herniation, the disc’s inner, gel-like substance pushes against the spinal cord by protruding centrally. Symptoms may include weakness, numbness, or problems with the bladder or intestines, depending on the location and degree of compression.


Symptoms of the Slip disc

A patient experience following signs during the slip disc

  • Leg or arm ache: You may experience discomfort in your lower back, buttocks, thigh, and calf if you have a lower back herniated disc. You may also be experiencing discomfort in a portion of your foot.
  • Any tingling or numbness: Herniated disc patients frequently experience radiating tingling or numbness in the body area that the damaged nerves service.
  • Weakness: The afflicted nerves supplied muscles typically deteriorate. This may impair your ability to lift or grip objects, or it may make you stumble.


Treatment of the slip disc

There are different treatment plans according to the condition of the slip disc.


  • Pain relievers: NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, are effective pain relievers that also reduce inflammation.
  • Muscle relaxants: Medication known as muscle relaxants. These drugs might lessen the spasms in the muscles that may result from a slipped disc.
  • Steroid Injections: Temporary pain alleviation and inflammation reduction can be achieved with corticosteroid injections into the area surrounding the spinal cord.


Surgical Procedure:

  • Discectomy: In this surgical treatment, the piece of the herniated disc pressing on the spinal cord or a nerve root is removed.
  • Laminectomy: To relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, a laminectomy is sometimes necessary to remove a part of the vertebral bone.
  • Spinal Fusion: To fuse two or more vertebrae together in severe situations or when there is instability in the spine, spinal fusion surgery may be required.


Alternative therapies

  • Chiropractic Care: Chiropractors can help reduce pain and realign the spine by manipulating and adjusting the spine.
  • Acupuncture: To relieve pain and encourage healing, tiny needles are inserted into predetermined body sites during this traditional Chinese medicine.
  • Massage therapy: Massage methods can ease pain, increase blood flow, and lessen tense muscles.


Slip disc is a very common problem in this era, most of the people are suffering from this condition. The Slip disc treatment in ludhiana is available at the reputed hospital, Hunjan hospital. 

slipped disc

What happens when the discs slip? What are the contained & uncontained discs?

When the intervertebral disc of the spine loses its normal shape and consistency, then it is known as a slipped disc. If the inner material of the disc gets leaked, then the altered shape will come into the origin. The doctors of the famous orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana use different terms for the slipped disc-like protruding, bulged, torn or ruptured. If the pain becomes so severe that the individual can’t get rid of it, then with the help of spine surgery in Ludhiana, it will be aimed at getting treated. 


What happens when the discs slip? 

The intervertebral are known for their shock-absorbing feature. These are quintessentially helpful in transferring the loads evenly. In case, the slipped disc emerges, the entire segment which is accountable for doing motion like: 

  • Adjacent vertebrae
  • Connective tissues 
  • Blood vessels 
  • Nerves 


How does the slipped disc come into existence? 

When the disc becomes naturally degenerated, then because of that the nucleus pulposus becomes quintessentially less hydrated and gets weakened with age. 


What do we know about the initiative disc? 

When the trauma is caused to the disc because of any reason. Usually, the eight lifters suffer from this issue, as they try to lift the giant weight loads which are not of their capability. And while lifting, they end up choosing a bad posture. 


Do you know? 

If the connective tissue is having any disorder, then the spinal vertebrates may get some alterations in spinal vertebrates’ shape. 


What do we know about the contained and the uncontained disc? 

  • Contained disc

When a disc gets slipped and its nucleus pulposus gets leaked out in the form of the annulus fibrosus, but it is not visible in the outermost layer of the disc, then it will be known as the contained disc. 

  • Uncontained disc 

When the nucleus pulposus completely gets released outside the disc, then it will be known as the uncontained disc.


Which type of pain, you may experience when you are afflicted with the slipped disc? 


The slipped discs may cause you to suffer from pain either in the localised areas like the arm and the back or in the far off regions like the high or the hands. 


Nerve Pain 

Nerve pain is caused when a herniation is afflicting you at the side and the back of the disc. In these positions, the annulus fibrosus is comparatively thinner. Since this part is extremely close to the nerves of the spinal roots, it can cause mechanical compression, chemical irritation or cauda equina compression. 


Do you know? 

When owing to the slipped disc, you are suffering from back pain or neck pain, then it will be known as discogenic pain. 


What happens when the disc has slipped owing to the degeneration? 

If degeneration has caused the disc to move, then it will result in instability in the motions of the spine.