Types of knee replacement in India, So, you have visited the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana and the doctor has suggested you get a robotic knee replacement. It is important to understand that Spine Surgery In Ludhiana, is suggested to the patients when they do not respond to medications. Well! There are different types of knee replacement options available in India and these are mentioned below:
Total knee replacement
Total knee replacement is the traditional way to repair damaged knees, but with time the treatment has dramatically improved a lot. The advancements have helped the surgery to perform with precision and an artificial knee implant provides mobility as the human knee. As compared to all the treatment options, it is the best and most effective way to address the problem.
How is the TKR performed?
During the surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged bone surface due to osteoarthritis or another issue. Following that they replace the knee with an artificial implant that is right for you. Special surgical instruments are used to cut the arthritic bone with precision and then the implant components are placed correctly.
Patients undergoing the surgery are benefited to a great extent. One of the researchers has pointed out that 90% of the patients experience a reduction in pain with improved mobility & movement.
Partial knee replacement
Partial knee replacement (PKR) is also known as unicompartmental knee replacement. Under this surgery, only one part of the knee is replaced and the healthy bone along with soft tissue is preserved. Patients who are eligible to undergo this surgery have osteoarthritis in just one part of the knee. The surgery is going to be done in one of the 3 parts of the disease knee bone which are:
- The medial compartment located on the inside of the knee
- The lateral compartment on the outside of the knee
- The patellofemoral compartment that’s positioned on the front of the knee
Patients undergoing the surgery will have a shorter hospital stay, faster rehabilitation period, and faster recovery.
Types of knee replacement approach
Now comes the need to understand the surgical approach through which the doctor will perform the surgery. The surgeon will check what is right for you between local or general anesthesia. Accordingly, the preoperative planning will be done along with all the medical equipment which are needed during the surgery.
For even better results, the orthopedic surgeon will map out the knee anatomy so that the surgery goes correctly. In addition, it even helps to check which type of special devices or instruments are needed. It is an important part of the process to get increased success. The surgeon will choose from:
- 8- to 12-inch incision
- 3 to 5 recovery days
- 12 weeks of recovery time
Minimally invasive surgery
- 3 to 4 inches incisions
- Less trauma and faster recovery
- Better range of motion following recovery