Spine Surgery
Spine Surgery

What is the definition of spinal surgery?

In this era, people do not follow proper diet due to which they are suffering from different health related issues and poor posture and unhealthy diet plans cause issues related to the spine. The spinal issues are mostly treated with surgery only. 


What are the spinal problems? 

Spinal problems are very common. The Spinal problems are generated inside and outside of the spinal cord. The reason for the outer damage is compression and injury. It is compressed because of bone fracture, spinal degeneration and abnormalities. The hematoma, tumor, and herniated disc are also a reason for the spinal cord weakening. The minor problems can be corrected by the best Orthopaedic Surgeon In India. 


What is the definition of spinal surgery? 

Spinal fusion is a surgery that connects two or more vertebrae in your spine. These ring-shaped bones form an interlocking column that holds your body upright. Fusing them together can reinforce your back’s structure. There is more than one type of surgeon that specializes in spinal fusion surgery. Neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons can do them, depending on the underlying condition and your specific needs. There are different types of Spinal surgery. 


Types of spinal surgery

  • Discectomy: This procedure removes the herniated portion of a disc. It is helpful for removing the tissue and damaging part of the disc.
  • Laminectomy: This procedure removes bone at the back of the spine to make more room for the spinal cord and nerves.
  • Fusion: Spinal fusion removes the arthritic joints and often uses metal implants to help permanently connect two or more bones in the spine.
  • Artificial discs: These devices are made of plastic and metal. They can replace the damaged cushion between two spinal bones. 


Right ways to do exercise after spinal surgery. 

There are different ways to do exercise after spinal surgery. 

  • Walking Exercise Program: Walking is one of the first physical therapy exercises to help improve your healing, which you must start doing the day after your surgery. A good starting point is walking at least 20 to 30 minutes on a treadmill or outdoors. 
  • Ankle Pumps: Ankle pumps are a type of nerve stretch that helps improve blood flow to your heart using your calves. To do this exercise, lie flat on your back. Then, move your ankles up and down. Repeat this exercise at least ten times.
  • Heel Slides: Heel slides are another nerve stretch to help rehabilitate your body after surgery. Lie down on your back and slowly bend your knee. Then, straighten out your knee. Repeat the exercise 10 times.
  • Superman: The Superman exercise will help correct your posture, specifically posterior pelvic tilt when you rotate your pelvis backward. Start by lying on your stomach in a neutral position with arms outstretched in front of you. 
  • Straight Leg Raises: Straight Leg raises are one of the most effective core exercises for back pain. Lie down on your back with one Leg bent at the knee and the other stretched out in front. Keep your core tight. 


The whole posture of the human body is dependent on the spinal cord. Spine injuries become very common. Most spinal injuries can only be treated with surgeries that the best surgeons perform. If you are suffering from spinal problems, contact the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana, Hunjan Hospital. 

Orthopedic doctor

Which judgemental criteria will help you to find the right orthopaedic doctor?

Whenever we are down with any orthopaedic health condition, then we want to visit the best orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana, whose doctors will treat you in the best way. But some of us do not know how to find the right doctor. So in this article, we are going to know how we can choose the best orthopaedic doctors. When it is the spinal problems and the patient has to undergo spine surgery in Ludhiana, then it becomes even more vital to choose the right orthopaedic doctors.

First of all, ask for the referrals

It is important for the patients seeing the orthopaedic care to have the right kind of list of the doctors from which they can choose the ideal doctor. You gave to count on the referrals. Ask your family members, friends and relatives to recommend some of them to you.

Note: Do not have a blind trust in the recommendation. Consider visiting the particular doctor if and only if they are satisfying the credentials which makes them ideal to treat you.

Know about the experience

The experience of the doctors counts a lot. If a doctor is well-trained and experienced, then you can surely expect to get completely rehabilitated as he will formulate the best treatment plan according to your problem. 

The surgeon must be board certified

The surgeon or the orthopaedic doctor must be certified by the board. We must be possessing all the degrees and other necessary qualifications which makes him capable to treat you.

Visit the Hospital

Do not take any decision until you have personally paid a visit to the hospital in which the doctor is practising. When you visit the hospital, observe every single thing like the atmosphere of the hospital, the ambience, the way the attending staff is treating you and a lot more.

Read the testimonials

The important part of the research is reading the testimonials. The testimonials are a thorough guide that tells you whether the particular doctor or the hospital will be able to carry out the effective treatment.

If possible, then try to talk to the previously served patients. They’ll give you a thorough idea of what you can expect from the hospital and what are the possible drawbacks of the same.

Enquire about the estimated  costs

When you are on your journey to find the right doctor or the hospital, then it is very much important for you to inquire about the costs. If the cost is in your affordable range, then it can be a plus point as you will feel tempted to take treatment from them. But you have to also make sure, that if the treatment is offered at such a low cost, then the quality of surely not getting compromised

Do not always rely on the first thing you see

It is important for you not to rely on the first option which you deem as good and worthy. Always keep a scope for the second option.

slipped disc

What are degenerated and herniated discs? Which hospital should you visit?

In case the back pain is caused by a problem in the spinal discs. The immediate source of the pain can either be the irritated nerve or the disc itself. The reputed doctor of the best orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana uses variegated terms to define the irritated nerve and the disc. This is the main reason that the doctors who carry out spine surgery in Ludhiana use the following terms to define the disc problems: 

  • Slipped disc 
  • Protruding Disc 
  • Pinched nerve 
  • Degenerative disc 

What do you know about the pinched nerve pain? 

  • Irritation
  • Inflammation  

If you are having either slight or giant pain in the disc, then it can get radiated in the entire nerve path of the foot or the leg. Following neurological problems will be encountered if the pinched nerve is being experienced: 

  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Tingling

Do you know? 

The pain which is caused by the compressed nerve is known as radiculopathy.


What are the causes of the pinched nerves? 

The pinched nerves can be caused by the following; 

  • Herniated discs
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Bone spurs 

Do you know? 

When a person suffers from osteoarthritis, then the bone spurs may come into the origin. 

The pinched nerve may cause the problems like the following: 

  • Tumours 
  • Infection 
  • Spondylolisthesis

What do you know about the degenerated disc pain? 

If the pain in your back is emerging out of the intervertebral disc, then it will be known as discogenic back pain. The degeneration of the spinal disc may come to origin owing to wear and tear and trauma and the pain will be caused by the following mechanisms: 


As the disc degeneration is experienced, then the inflammatory proteins may get released into the disc space. The degenerated disc may get herniated which will cause the inner inflammatory contents to leak out. Pinched nerve pain can be caused by a herniated disc.


Degeneration may lead to dehydration within the disc. It will result in the extreme loss of fluid content and shrinkage.

Motion Segment Instability 

With disc degeneration, the spinal segment may become unstable and it may resist the motion in the spine 1. When the body becomes unstable then it is not it can not be proven to be as effective as it is required to resist the motion in the spine 1. 


Whom should you visit if you are having a problem with the herniated disc? 

If you are having a problem with the herniated disc, then it is required for you to get it checked at your earliest. If you do not get it checked, then the problem may get severe and you have to face the consequences. 

First of all, you should ascertain that you are visiting reputed doctors. Such doctors can only be found in the Hunjan Hospital, which is one of the best orthopaedic hospitals in Ludhiana. It is the hospital that has emerged out to be the first hospital in Punjab that has carried out knee replacement surgery.


Orthopedic doctor
Orthopedic doctor

Comprehensive and brief note on sacroiliitis.

People are suffering from different health conditions, including sacroiliitis. It is a painful condition that affects one or both sacroiliac joints. These joints sit where the lower spine and pelvis meet. Sacroiliitis can cause pain and stiffness in the buttocks or lower back, and the pain goes down one or both legs.


What is the definition of Sacroiliitis? 

Inflammation in the joints where your spine and pelvis meet is painful and known as sacroiliitis. It hurts your legs, buttock muscles and lower back. Where two bones unite in your body is called a joint. Your sacroiliac joints join your pelvis and spine. They are mainly the point where the ilium and sacrum converge. You can get the proper treatment at the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana. 


Causes of the sacroiliitis

Anything that aggravates joint inflammation can aggravate sacroiliitis and create joint inflammation. Sacroiliitis is primarily caused by arthritis, which includes:

  • Ankylosing spondylitis: This type of arthritis affects the joints in your back. Ankylosing spondylitis frequently manifests as sacroiliitis in its early stages.
  • Psoriatic arthritis: This condition results from the interaction between arthritis and psoriasis. It results in skin psoriasis and joint arthritic symptoms.
  • Harm: The sacroiliac joints may sustain damage from a quick impact, such as a fall or an automobile collision.
  • Arthritis: Sacroiliac joints may develop osteoarthritis, commonly called wear-and-tear arthritis. Thus, too, is a kind of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis that affects the spine. There are several symptoms and solutions you should know about arthritis. 
  • Maternity: During labor, the sacroiliac joints stretch and loosen. Pregnancy-related weight gain and altered gait patterns might put stress on these joints.
  • Infection: Infections of the sacroiliac joint are uncommon.


Symptoms of the sacroiliitis

The pain for sacroiliitis most often occurs in the buttocks and lower back. It can also affect the legs, groin, and even the feet. The pain can improve with movement. The following can make sacroiliitis pain worse: 

  • Sleeping or sitting for a long time. 
  • Standing for a long time. 
  • Having more weight on one leg than the other.
  • Stair climbing.
  • Running 
  • Taking significant steps when moving forward. 


What are the treatment plans for sacroiliitis?

There are different treatment plans for the sacroiliitis. 

  • Physical therapy: The most typical course of treatment for sacroiliitis is physical therapy. Your sacroiliac joints’ surrounding muscles can be strengthened with stretches and exercises prescribed by a physical therapist. Your joints will feel less strain and be more stable as a result. You can improve your range of motion in your sacroiliac joints by performing sacroiliitis exercises.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen are examples of over-the-counter NSAIDs. See your physician before using NSAIDs for longer than ten days in a row.
  • Muscle relaxing medicines: Prescription drugs known as muscle relaxants work by stopping your nerves from communicating pain signals to your brain, thereby relieving muscle soreness.
  • Corticosteroids: Prescribed drugs that reduce inflammation and pain are known as corticosteroids. Your doctor will give you a direct corticosteroid injection into the afflicted joints.
  • Surgery: Surgery is rarely required to treat sacroiliitis. If you have not seen relief from your pain after trying RFA and physical therapy, your clinician may suggest surgery. Your surgeon may conduct a joint fusion, which involves using surgical screws to fuse the joint permanently. They will advise you on the procedure you will require and what to anticipate in the aftermath.


The issues related to the spine can cause the problem of sacroiliitis. If you have spinal problems, contact the best hospital, Hunjan Hospital. The best spine surgeon in India performs the surgery for spinal issues. 

slipped disc

What happens when the discs slip? What are the contained & uncontained discs?

When the intervertebral disc of the spine loses its normal shape and consistency, then it is known as a slipped disc. If the inner material of the disc gets leaked, then the altered shape will come into the origin. The doctors of the famous orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana use different terms for the slipped disc-like protruding, bulged, torn or ruptured. If the pain becomes so severe that the individual can’t get rid of it, then with the help of spine surgery in Ludhiana, it will be aimed at getting treated. 


What happens when the discs slip? 

The intervertebral are known for their shock-absorbing feature. These are quintessentially helpful in transferring the loads evenly. In case, the slipped disc emerges, the entire segment which is accountable for doing motion like: 

  • Adjacent vertebrae
  • Connective tissues 
  • Blood vessels 
  • Nerves 


How does the slipped disc come into existence? 

When the disc becomes naturally degenerated, then because of that the nucleus pulposus becomes quintessentially less hydrated and gets weakened with age. 


What do we know about the initiative disc? 

When the trauma is caused to the disc because of any reason. Usually, the eight lifters suffer from this issue, as they try to lift the giant weight loads which are not of their capability. And while lifting, they end up choosing a bad posture. 


Do you know? 

If the connective tissue is having any disorder, then the spinal vertebrates may get some alterations in spinal vertebrates’ shape. 


What do we know about the contained and the uncontained disc? 

  • Contained disc

When a disc gets slipped and its nucleus pulposus gets leaked out in the form of the annulus fibrosus, but it is not visible in the outermost layer of the disc, then it will be known as the contained disc. 

  • Uncontained disc 

When the nucleus pulposus completely gets released outside the disc, then it will be known as the uncontained disc.


Which type of pain, you may experience when you are afflicted with the slipped disc? 


The slipped discs may cause you to suffer from pain either in the localised areas like the arm and the back or in the far off regions like the high or the hands. 


Nerve Pain 

Nerve pain is caused when a herniation is afflicting you at the side and the back of the disc. In these positions, the annulus fibrosus is comparatively thinner. Since this part is extremely close to the nerves of the spinal roots, it can cause mechanical compression, chemical irritation or cauda equina compression. 


Do you know? 

When owing to the slipped disc, you are suffering from back pain or neck pain, then it will be known as discogenic pain. 


What happens when the disc has slipped owing to the degeneration? 

If degeneration has caused the disc to move, then it will result in instability in the motions of the spine.


Orthopedic doctor
Orthopedic doctor

Why is back pain very common in winter?

Nowadays, people are suffering from different health issues, including back pain. There are several reasons for the problems related to the back. The main reason is unhealthy diet plans that make the muscles of your back weak. The best orthopedic hospital in Ludhiana offers you all the treatments related to back issues. 


What are the reasons for the back pain in winter? 

  • Cold: your muscles and ligaments become less flexible due to the reduction in temperature. They tend to tense up, increasing the risk of accidents, including sprains and strains. 
  • Slippery surface: Ice and snow can cause you to slip and fall. Your back’s muscles and ligaments may be strained by unexpected shocks, twists or collisions. 
  • Less active: Short, chilly days may cause you to engage in less physical activity. Your muscles may become weaker and less flexible as a result, increasing your risk of injury.
  • Attempting an indoor sport: You may be skiing, snowboarding, or ice skating during winter. Your back may get injured by these activities’ abrupt movements and falls.
  • You need to prepare: Before engaging in winter sports or household duties, you must give muscles more time to warm up and move. 
  • You are lifting and shoveling: Your back may get strained from bending and twisting to shovel snow and carrying large bags of goods for the winter, particularly if you need proper lifting techniques.
  • You need to be appropriately seated: During the winter, you might read more or watch screens indoors. Joint or back pain might be brought on by a lack of activity and bad posture.
  • You have put on weight: Gaining weight over the holidays is typical and might strain your lower back.
  • You are under stress: Tensed muscles are more prone to injury, and the strain of the holidays can induce muscle tension. 


Tips to prevent back issues for winter. 

There are several tips to prevent yourself from back-related issues during winter. 

  • Make a move: Keep up a regular exercise regimen and maintain your blood flow.
  • Drink water: Keep your body hydrated by consuming lots of water. In addition to providing nutrients and cushioning and lubricating your joints, water also keeps your skin cells hydrated and shields the lining of your digestive tract from food-digesting enzymes.
  • Rest: Sleeping for eight hours a day is not fiction. Rest is necessary for your body to function at its peak. Moreover, sleep reduces inflammation, which results in pain.
  • Refrain from tension: Many people view the winter holidays as more stressful than joyful. Make every effort to unwind and take care of your mental well-being.
  • Consume your veggies: Steer clear of foods high in sugar, as they can undermine your immune system. Eat a balanced diet as much as you can. If given the proper care, your body is designed to heal itself.
  • Remain warm: Use heat to ease your discomfort. Applying heat enables the muscles, adhesions, and connective tissue surrounding the spine to expand. Heat therapy will, therefore, result in a reduction of stiffness along with an increase in flexibility and comfort level. For a back to be healthy, flexibility is crucial.

In this modern era, ortho problems are widespread because of different reasons. Many people suffer from spinal issues, and the best doctors guide you through all the problems. The best Spine Surgeon In India performs spinal surgery at Hunjan Hospital. 


orthopaedic doctor
orthopaedic doctor

What Happens When Glute Muscles Are Weak?

To maintain the balance of the body, our body relies on muscles. Also, the body needs strong muscles for daily activities such as walking, standing, and sitting. Here, we are talking about glute muscles. The gluteal muscles consists of a group of muscles namely gluteus minimus, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus. These muscles make up the buttock area. Strong muscles are required for proper functioning of the body to do daily activities. If you have weak muscles, visit the Orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana and examine yourself. 

Why Are Glutes Important For The Body?

The major job of the glute muscles is to help the body move, provide stability and support the spine. It also helps in preventing knee injury and general wear and tear. Strong glute muscles are important for various reasons, such as improving hip mobility, posture, and bone density and enhancing glute strength and athletic performance. On the contrary, weak gluteal muscles cause pain in the whole body and affect posture and mobility. Some common activities that require strong glute muscle strength include the following:

  • To maintain your body posture
  • Standing Up
  • Walking
  • Getting out of bed
  • Bending over 
  • Lifting
  • Balancing on one leg
  • Playing sports

Weak Glute Muscles

Glute muscles become weak because you do not use them enough. In the fast-paced and tech-savvy world, people’s lifestyle is becoming less and less active. People have sitting jobs and follow a sedentary lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle causes a reduction in blood flow, which leads to less nutrients reaching your muscles. As a result, your muscles become weak. 

Another prominent cause of weak muscles is poor posture. Even though people have sitting jobs, their posture is poor and causes strain in the neck, shoulders and lower back. Hence, if you have weak glute muscles, it eventually develops into lower back pain, knee pain, and hip pain. If you experience muscle weakness, you must visit the best Orthopedic Hospital in Ludhiana and consult the doctor about your condition.

Causes of Weak Glute Muscles 

  • Aging – Aging causes muscle mass to decrease, making it weak. The problem continues and worsens if you do not have an active lifestyle. It would help if you exercised daily to ensure you have strong glute muscles.
  • Poor Posture – Having a poor posture causes the glute muscles to weaken. Poor posture is the leading cause of weakness in glute muscles, which causes lower back pain and knee and hip pain. If you have poor posture, you may not be able to get out of the chair without using your hands, climb stairs without railing, etc. If you face such issues, consult the best spine surgeon in India
  • Imbalance training – If you exercise, you must ensure you exercise the body properly and target every muscle group. An imbalance in muscle training can also weaken your glute muscles. For example, if your exercise focuses on the front part of your body and you do not exercise the back, it can cause weakness in the glute muscles due to an imbalance in training.
  • Injury or surgery – Post-injury and surgery, muscles become weak because you cannot use those muscles effectively while you are recovering or healing. Thus, it is essential to work on your muscles after recovering from the injury and surgery to strengthen them.

Exercises To Strengthen Your Glute Muscles 

  • Squats
  • Lunges
  • Step-up
  • Bridges
  • Clamshells 
  • Hip abduction
  • Hip thrust


As glute muscles are essential for the body to carry out small daily activities, you need to work on your glute muscles and strengthen them. Poor posture due to a sedentary lifestyle is one of the main causes of weak glute muscles. To solve this problem, visit the best spine surgeon in India and do exercises to strengthen your weak gluteal muscles.


back surgery
back surgery

A brief note on failed back surgery syndrome.

Failed back surgery syndrome is a generalized term that is often used to describe the condition where lower back pain persists or appears after spine surgery. The pain starts immediately after surgery or a few weeks or months after. FBSS is also known as failed back syndrome and post-surgical spine syndrome. You can get the proper treatment at the best Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana. 


What is the definition of failed back surgery syndrome? 

Failed back surgery syndrome is the term used for continued pain a patient has after an unsuccessful back surgery. The patient is usually referred to a pain management specialist to treat pain. The goal of spinal surgery is to decompress a nerve root or to stabilize a painful joint. FBSS occurs when surgery is unsuccessful or negatively affects a structure near the problem area. 


What are the causes of failed back surgery syndrome? 

Several reasons are responsible for the failed back surgery syndrome. 

  • Adjacent segment disease: Adjacent segment disease is a potential cause of failed back surgery syndrome after spinal fusion surgery.
  • Arachnoiditis: Arachnoiditis is inflammation of one of the three protective linings surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It can cause severe burning, stinging pain, and other nerve-related problems.
  • Persistent Neural Decompression: Decompression surgeries remove bone and other impeding structures compressing spinal nerves.
  • Pseudoarthrosis: Pseudoarthrosis or non-union is the medical term used to describe a complication of spinal fusion surgery that often involves instrumentation and fusion. Spinal fusion is performed to join two or more spinal bones together to stabilize one or more spine levels to stop movement. 
  • Recurrence of Earlier Diagnosis: Sometimes, your original symptoms return after spine surgery. A spinal disc treated with microdiscectomy may re-herniate.
  • Epidural fibrosis: Epidural fibrosis is a medical term describing scar tissue forming around one or more spinal nerve roots. Epidural fibrosis may develop months after spine surgery, and it can cause a spike in pain.
  • Spinal infection: Symptoms of post-surgical spinal infection include fever, wound drainage and redness, chills, and headache. These and other related symptoms typically show up a few weeks after surgery.


Treatment of the failed back surgery syndrome.

The treatment plans for failed back surgery syndrome are as follows: 

  • Muscle Relaxants: Muscle relaxants, as the name suggests, work to relax your muscles by reducing the activity of the central nervous system.
  • Neuroleptics: Neuroleptics are a medication used to stabilize overactive cells in the spinal cord. These medications can help better manage pain caused by nerve compression.
  • Pain Relievers: In severe pain cases, your doctor may prescribe opiates for a short period to help relieve your pain symptoms. 
  • Physical Therapy: Your doctor may recommend specific physical therapy exercises to reduce your pain symptoms by strengthening the muscles that support the spine. 
  • Epidural Steroid Injections: Epidural steroid injections deliver anti-inflammatory steroids directly to the epidural region of the patient’s spine to reduce pressure and inflammation in the back.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation involves delivering targeted radio-frequency energy to specific nerves to help reduce those nerves from sending pain signals to your brain. 
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation: Spinal cord stimulation is a procedure that involves using a small device called a spinal cord stimulator to attach it to your spine.

If you have spinal problems, contact the best hospital, Hunjan Hospital. The best spine surgeon in India performs the surgery of spinal issues.


Knee replacement
Knee replacement

Procedure for the Knee Replacement Surgery

Orthopedic Surgery is related to the musculoskeletal system. It is related to the surgery of diseases and injuries related to the bones, muscles, ligaments, tenders and soft tissues. It is the complex system of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, muscles, soft tissues, ligaments and tenders, which helps in moving the body. Orthopedic surgery deals with the issue with any part of the musculoskeletal system. For more details, visit Orthopaedic Hospital in Ludhiana

Knee replacement surgery

The knee is one of the most important joints of the body, managing all the body weight. The position of the knee makes it more susceptible to injury and its dysfunction. So it is important to prioritize proper knee care.

Knee replacement surgery is performed to replace injured parts or worn-out knee joints. It is used to provide relief from the pain and make the joints work properly. The damaged part of the knee is replaced with the plastic and metal parts. Knee replacement surgery is usually performed on people who have arthritis, in which people face problems in climbing stairs, or getting up from the seat, and sometimes even walking. For more details consult Orthopaedic Surgeon In India.

Procedure for the Knee replacement surgery

  • Pre-surgery preparation: A thorough evaluation would be made before going for the knee replacement surgery in which medical history will be reviewed, physical examinations will be made and diagnostic tests will be performed. After proper analysis, your surgeon will discuss the procedure, potential risks, and benefits with you.
  • Anesthesia: Anesthesia will be given to the patient to make him feel comfortable and pain-free during the procedure
  • Incision: An incision will be made over the knee by your surgeon to access the joint. The size and location of the incision will depend on the condition and needs of the patient.
  • Reshaping the bones: The damaged portion of the knee point, which includes the end of the thigh bone called the femur and shin bone, is carefully removed. The bone surfaces are reshaped to fit the artificial joint components.
  • Implant placement: The artificial joint components made of plastic and metal are securely attached to reshape the bones. Proper placement of the artificial joints makes the knee joint work smoothly.
  • Wound closure: After the placement of artificial joints are done properly, the surgeon will close the incision with stitches or staples. 
  • Recovery and rehabilitation: After the procedure is done, the patient will be sent to the recovery room, where medical staff will monitor the patient. Physical therapy and rehabilitation will help you to recover and regain your strength, mobility and flexibility.

What are the common risks after Knee replacement surgery?

  • Bleeding inside the spinal column
  • Leaking of the spinal fluid
  • Accidental damage to the blood vessel
  • Accidental damage to a nerve
  • Dural tear
  • Decreased range of motion

It is important to note that no doubt knee replacement surgery may contain certain risks, but usually, knee replacement surgery is safe and effective. Also, you should get your knee replacement surgery done from the best Orthopedic Hospital in Ludhiana for a successful surgery and proper recovery.

Orthopaedic Surgery Orthopedic doctor

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के क्या है लक्षण और कारण ?

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस एक सामान्य हड्डी की स्थिति है जो दुनिया भर में लाखों लोगों को प्रभावित करती है। इस लेख में हमारा उद्देश्य ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के लक्षणों और कारणों की व्याख्या करना है, तो अगर हड्डियों से संबंधित समस्या का अगर आप सामना कर रहें है, तो इसके लिए लेख के साथ अंत तक बने रहें ; 

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के लक्षण क्या है ?

फ्रैक्चर : 

फ्रैक्चर होने तक ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस पर अक्सर ध्यान नहीं दिया जाता है। साधारण गिरावट या छोटी दुर्घटनाओं से कूल्हे, रीढ़ या कलाई में फ्रैक्चर हो सकता है।

पीठ दर्द : 

लगातार पीठ दर्द, जिसे अक्सर सुस्त या दर्द के रूप में वर्णित किया जाता है, कमजोर हड्डियों के कारण रीढ़ की हड्डी में फ्रैक्चर का प्रारंभिक संकेत हो सकता है। पीठ दर्द की समस्या से बचाव के लिए आपको लुधियाना में बेस्ट आर्थोपेडिक सर्जन का चयन करना चाहिए।

ऊंचाई में कमी : 

जैसे-जैसे रीढ़ की हड्डियां कमजोर होती है और ढह जाती है, समय के साथ ऊंचाई में उल्लेखनीय कमी आ सकती है।

झुकी हुई मुद्रा : 

रीढ़ की हड्डी के कशेरुकाओं के संपीड़न के कारण ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस झुकी हुई या झुकी हुई मुद्रा का कारण बन सकता है, जिसे किफोसिस के रूप में जाना जाता है।

पकड़ की ताकत में कमी : 

कमजोर हड्डियाँ पकड़ की ताकत को भी प्रभावित कर सकती है और कलाई के फ्रैक्चर का खतरा बढ़ा सकती है।

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के कारण –

  • उम्र बढ़ने की प्रक्रिया ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का प्राथमिक कारण है। जैसे-जैसे हमारी उम्र बढ़ती है, हमारी हड्डियाँ स्वाभाविक रूप से कम घनी और अधिक नाजुक हो जाती है।
  • हार्मोनल परिवर्तन हड्डियों के स्वास्थ्य में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाते है। रजोनिवृत्ति के दौरान एस्ट्रोजन के स्तर में कमी के कारण महिलाएं, विशेष रूप से, ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के प्रति अधिक संवेदनशील होती है।
  • कम कैल्शियम और विटामिन डी वाला आहार हड्डियों को कमजोर कर सकता है। ये पोषक तत्व हड्डियों के घनत्व को बनाए रखने के लिए आवश्यक है।
  • गतिहीन जीवनशैली के परिणामस्वरूप हड्डियाँ कमज़ोर हो सकती है। नियमित वजन उठाने वाले व्यायाम हड्डियों को मजबूत बनाने में मदद करते है।
  • धूम्रपान शरीर की कैल्शियम को अवशोषित करने की क्षमता में बाधा डाल सकता है, जिससे हड्डियों के कमजोर होने की अधिक संभावना होती है।
  • शराब का अधिक सेवन शरीर की कैल्शियम को अवशोषित करने की क्षमता में हस्तक्षेप कर सकता है और हड्डियों के स्वास्थ्य पर नकारात्मक प्रभाव डाल सकता है।
  • पारिवारिक इतिहास ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस में भूमिका निभाता है। यदि आपके माता-पिता या दादा-दादी को यह बीमारी है, तो आप अधिक जोखिम में हो सकते है।
  • कुछ दवाएं, जैसे स्टेरॉयड और कुछ दौरे-रोधी दवाएं, हड्डियों के घनत्व को कम कर सकती है और ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के खतरे को बढ़ा सकती है।
  • कुछ चिकित्सीय स्थितियाँ, जैसे सीलिएक रोग और रुमेटीइड गठिया, ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस में योगदान कर सकती है।

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का खतरा किसे सबसे ज्यादा है !

  • किसी व्यक्ति का शरीर और वजन उनके ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस जोखिम को प्रभावित करते है। छोटे फ्रेम और हल्के वजन वाले लोगों को अधिक खतरा होता है।
  • यदि आपके परिवार में ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का इतिहास है तो आपको ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का खतरा अधिक हो सकता है। उदाहरण के लिए, हो सकता है कि मामूली गिरावट के बाद उनके कूल्हे टूट गए हों।
  • इसके अलावा, कुछ चिकित्सीय स्थितियां और दवाएं, जिनमें अनियमित हार्मोन स्तर से जुड़ी कुछ दवाएं भी शामिल है, आपके ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के खतरे को बढ़ा सकती है।
  • अगर आपकी हड्डी टूट गई है या उसमें किसी भी तरह की समस्या उत्पन्न हो गई तो इससे बचाव के लिए आपको लुधियाना में बेस्ट आर्थोपेडिक सर्जरी का चयन करना चाहिए।

सुझाव :

अगर आपकी हड्डी में किसी भी तरह की समस्या आ गई तो इससे बचाव के लिए आपको हुंजन हॉस्पिटल का चयन करना चाहिए। लेकिन ध्यान रहें अगर आपके हड्डी में मामूली सी चोट आई है तो इसके लिए सर्जरी का चयन करने से पहले एक बार डॉक्टर से जरूर सलाह लें।

निष्कर्ष :

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस एक ऐसी स्थिति है जो कमजोर हड्डियों की विशेषता है, और इसके लक्षणों और कारणों को पहचानना महत्वपूर्ण है। संतुलित आहार बनाए रखकर, नियमित शारीरिक गतिविधि में संलग्न होकर और धूम्रपान और अत्यधिक शराब के सेवन जैसे जोखिम कारकों से बचकर, आप ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस विकसित होने की संभावना को कम कर सकते है। इसके अतिरिक्त, ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के बारे में सूचित रहना और यदि आपको संदेह है कि आप जोखिम में है, तो शीघ्र निदान और उचित बचाव के लिए अपने स्वास्थ्य सेवा प्रदाता से बात करना महत्वपूर्ण है।