Orthopedic doctor
Orthopedic doctor

Types and common risks of Orthopedic surgery.

An orthopedic surgeon is a medical professional who analyzes, detects, and treats the problems related to the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. It is a doctor who deals with the musculoskeletal system. Every person in their life faces a problem related to their musculoskeletal system, and it is best advised to see an ortho doctor, the Best ortho doctor in India, to deal with the problem.

What is orthopedic surgery?

Orthopedic surgery is related to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. This includes the bones and joints. Muscles, nerves and tissues. Orthopedic surgeries are used to perform surgeries related to conditions such as fractures, joint replacement, spinal disorders, sports injuries, and more. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as physical therapists and rehabilitation specialists to guide the patient properly and help him to regain the momentum of their life again. For details can check ortho hospitals in India.

Different types of orthopedic surgeries:

  • Joint Replacement Surgery: This surgery involves a procedure of removing a damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial joint to relieve the pain. It generally includes joints of the hips, knee, shoulder, etc.
  • Arthroscopy: Arthroscopic surgery is a procedure to correct torn ligaments or cartilage damage. In this procedure, a small camera and specialized instruments were put inside to resolve the issue.
  • Spine surgery: Spine surgery includes various conditions such as herniated discs, spinal deformities, or spinal stenosis. Correcting these problems through surgery comes under orthopedic surgery.
  • Fracture repair: Orthopedic surgeons perform surgeries to repair, realign and stabilize broken bones using different techniques.
  • Ligament and tendon repair: Surgeries are done to repair the torn ligaments or tendons present in the knee or shoulder.
  • Hand and wrist surgery: Conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, hand/ wrist fractures etc, need the surgery procedure and come in the ortho surgeon department.
  • Foot and Ankle Surgery: Orthopedic surgeons perform surgeries to correct problems such as bunions, ankle fractures, or Achilles tendon injuries.

What are the types of injuries that require surgery?

  • Fractures
  • Ligaments
  • Overuse injuries
  • Sprains
  • Impingement of any joint etc.

What are the common risks after the spine surgery?

  • Bleeding inside the spinal column
  • Leaking of the spinal fluid
  • Accidental damage to the blood vessel
  • Accidental damage to a nerve
  • Dural tear
  • Decreased range of motion

Measures to manage any risk and pain after the surgery:

  • Choosing experienced surgeon
  • Carefully following pre-surgery instructions
  • Communicate with your health care team
  • Doing regular exercise
  • Follow post-surgery instruction
  • Taking proper medications as suggested
  • Use ice or cold packs in the affected area
  • Practice the proper positioning and maintaining good posture
  • Take proper rest and avoid strenuous movements
  • Heat therapy to relax muscles and relieve pain should be done.

Orthopedic surgeons are trained to perform these surgeries. They analyze your condition closely and perform the surgery according to your situation.

For more assistance can check the Best ortho doctor in India.